Calico is a tricolored coat pattern in domestic cats, comprising 25-75 % white along with large patches of orange and black. Calico cats have been given different names, including brindle, tobi mi-ke, lapjeskat, and tricolor cat. Because of their genetic makeup, calico cats cannot be bred. The coat pattern occurs randomly in cats that exhibit a range of different colors.
Calico Cat Colors
Some calico cats, however, can have red, bluish-black, chocolate brown, or cream in their coat pattern. Those with diluted coloration are called clouded tiger or calimanco.
Why are All Calico Cats Female
Female calicos have one black-coded chromosome (X) and one orange-coded chromosome (X), expressing both the black and orange color patterns. In males, however, one black- or orange-coded chromosome (X) cannot produce a calico pattern by combining with a chromosome (Y), which does not carry any color information.
Can Calico Cats be Male
Male calicos are extremely rare. Around one of every 3,000 calicos is a male. It happens due to a genetic anomaly, during which a male has two chromosomes (X) and one chromosome (Y).
Types of Calico Cats
- Standard calico: Has a white coat combined with large spots of black and orange.
- Dilute calico: Exhibits lighter coat colorations, with white fur and large spots of strawberry-blonde and smoky gray colorations.
- Calibby: Mixes calico with the spotted or striped markings of a tabby cat.
Cat Breeds That Can Have Calico Coat
- Ragamuffin Cat
- Cymric Cat
- Turkish Van
- Persian Cat
- Turkish Angora
- Maine Coon
- Japanese Bobcat
- Napoleon Cat